History of the Howard League for Penal Reform

John Howard

The Howard League is named after John Howard, the founder of the penal reform movement. Between 1775 and 1790 John Howard made seven journeys across Europe in search of a humane prison system for English gaols to follow. He conducted these investigations on his own and financed them himself.

The Howard Association

In 1866, the Howard Association was formed. Although it was almost eighty years after the death of John Howard, the founders felt that there was a need to campaign for reform in the independent style practised by its namesake.

The aim of Howard Association was the "promotion of the most efficient means of penal treatment and crime prevention" and to promote "a reformatory and radically preventive treatment of offenders". In its first annual report in 1867, the Association stated that its efforts had been focused on "the promotion of reformatory and remunerative prison labour, and the abolition of capital punishment."

The Penal Reform League

The Penal Reform League was founded in 1907 with Arthur St John as Secretary. In 1918, Margery Fry became Honorary Secretary and it was under her guidance that the Howard Association and the Penal Reform League merged in 1921 to form The Howard League for Penal Reform.

The Howard League for Penal Reform

Today, the Howard League for Penal Reform continues to campaign for change in the criminal justice system. The Howard League runs a legal service for children and young people in custody, conducts research and runs a variety of campaigns on vital issues.

The Howard League is independent from government and relies on voluntary donations from members and supporters. The best way to support our work is to become a member and add your voice to our movement for change.